Tag: coos bay

Preparing for Purchase, First Indian Agent in Coos Bay, 1853

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , April 5th, 2020


When Joel Palmer was appointed to Superintendent of Indian Affairs in May 1853 he had a good working knowledge of the tribes but had never visited the southern…


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Timeline of Treaties and Removals in Western Oregon

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , February 24th, 2019


1850 June, the First treaty in the North West Coast and West Coast, a Treaty of Peace negotiated with General Joseph Lane and the Takelma- Rogue River Tribes…


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Estuaries Saved the Coastal Tribes: Section 2- Removal and Exposure

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , November 2nd, 2018


Removal of the western Oregon tribes to the reservations was a tumultuous affair. Caravans from the Umpqua and Table Rock reservations to place in the dead of winter…


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History in the Vouchers: Joel Palmer’s Expense Journal

David G. Lewis' Ethnohistory Research, LLC , July 25th, 2018


I have spent much time on Palmer’s and other early settler’s and explorer’s letters that I have gained a good understanding of the history of the tribes.  Some…


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Conditions of the Alsea Indians and the Salmon River Encampment 1876-1878

David G. Lewis' Ethnohistory Research, LLC , April 7th, 2018


As addressed in previous essays, in about 1875, most Indian annuities for the Western Oregon tribes ended because the 20 year payments were exhausted. This Continue reading


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The Significance of Salmon River Encampment in 1875

David G. Lewis' Ethnohistory Research, LLC , March 12th, 2018


In 1875, the United States Congress passed an act, March 3, 1875, to reduce the Coast Reservation. This act, terminated the Alsea Reservation, that section Continue reading


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Indian Catchers of Coastal Oregon 1850s

David G. Lewis' Ethnohistory Research, LLC , March 6th, 2018


A truly remarkable fact of Oregon history presented itself whole conducting some coastal research. In 1856 and for years after, the Indian agents employed and Continue reading


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Canoeing the Yaquina, Coast Reservation, November 1856

David G. Lewis' Ethnohistory Research, LLC , February 16th, 2018


The story of the Coast Reservation of Oregon is complicated. The Coast Reservation is created in 1855 by Presidential Executive Order and then for some Continue reading


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The Gateway on the Central Oregon Coast, Fort Umpqua and the Umpqua Sub Indian Agency

David G. Lewis' Ethnohistory Research, LLC , February 14th, 2018


  The southern and central Coast of Oregon is a relatively unknown area in Native American history. As the area is not well researched it Continue reading


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War on the Umpqua Tribes and Removal to the Umpqua Reserves

David G. Lewis' Ethnohistory Research, LLC , February 11th, 2018


Much has been written and published of the Rogue River, Modoc, and Yakima Wars in the Oregon Territory. These wars were, by-and-large, reactions of the Continue reading


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Rejection of the Nineteen 1851 Oregon Treaties

David G. Lewis' Ethnohistory Research, LLC , December 31st, 2017


Anson Dart, the Superintendent of Indian Affairs for Oregon, from 1850 to 1852, remains an enigma. His nineteen treaties with the tribes of western Oregon, negotiated by the…


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The Original 1855 Belden Map, Compared to the Redrafted Version

David G. Lewis' Ethnohistory Research, LLC , December 17th, 2017


In 1855, the United States was on a campaign to purchase all of the land from the Oregon Tribes and remove them to reservations. Joel Palmer, Superintendent of…


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Trade Between the Interior and the Coast; Kalapuyans, Klikitats, Coosans

David G. Lewis' Ethnohistory Research, LLC , December 12th, 2017


Previous to the Americans and the British In Oregon, the tribes had a millennium of interrelationships with one another. Trade was a major part of the lives of…


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