Tag: General HistoryPage 1 of 9

Redressing Payments for Clatsop and Tillamook Peoples’ Landclaims

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , August 15th, 2022


  The North coast of Oregon had several tribes of Native peoples, the Tillamook tribes and bands (Tillamook, Nehalem (Naalem), Nestucca, Nechesne) and the Clatsop tribe of Chinooks….


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The Upper Umpqua and Yoncalla are Removed to the Umpqua Reservation

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , August 6th, 2022


A subject which has had little clarity in the past is when were the Umpqua and Southern Kalapuya, the Yoncallas, resettled to the Umpqua Reservation at Coles Valley….


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Seasonal Wetlands and Minto-Brown Island Park

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , May 23rd, 2022


It seems important to tribes that if they are truly to become restored, and decolonized, they need to be culturally restored by helping to decolonize their lands and…


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Camas Journal, May 8, 2022

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , May 13th, 2022


I returned today to Bush Park to take in the middle prairie and see how things are going. The weather has scattered spring rains all day. This year…


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Joryville Park May 5, 2022

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , May 8th, 2022


I recently heard about another park I had not been to in Salem, Joryville Park. I went assuming it would be mostly grassland but was surprised that this…


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Camas Journal, May 4, 2022

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , May 5th, 2022


Today, I found time to visit a third field in Salem with lots of camas. Minto-Brown Island Park has several fields at least two of them have camas,…


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The First Census of the Coast and Grand Ronde Reservations: 1856

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , April 14th, 2022


In 1856, Joel Palmer had some 4000 Natives removed from their homelands to the Coast and Grand Ronde Indian Reservations. Up to at least April of 1856 the…


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The Southern Exploring Expedition and The Kalapuyans

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , February 28th, 2022


The Charles Wilkes Exploring expedition came to Oregon in August 1841. The expedition split into two parts with some of the expedition venturing up the Columbia, and a…


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Persistence of Genocide Upon the Chetco People

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , January 6th, 2022


The Chetco Indians, perhaps more than nearly any other tribe on the Oregon coast, were repeatedly attacked by racist white settlers before their removal. In a previous set…


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Near Extinction of the Grave Creek Band

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , January 5th, 2022


The experiences of the Grave Creek Indians of southwestern Oregon mirror those of the other tribes in the region. They however hardly survived the 1850s as most of…


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Draining Wapato Lake

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , December 24th, 2021


In Oregon, we have the well-known Wapato Lake, near Gaston. The lake originally was the center of seasonal activities of the Tualatin Kalapuyans (Atfalati) who lived near and…


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Draining Lake Labish

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , December 19th, 2021


In 1981 I took a job weeding onion fields out Hazelgreen Road on the outskirts of Salem, Oregon, as one of my first jobs. In the summer after…


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Nestucca Accounts of the Great Fire of 1845 and First Encounters with White Men

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , November 11th, 2021


There are numerous oral histories from tribal people in Oregon about catastrophic events, fires, volcanic eruptions, floods, tsunamis. Many of these stories are fantastically imagined and are likely…


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Census lists of Kalapuyans from the Southern Willamette Valley

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , November 8th, 2021


Information about the Southern Kalapuyans, those south of Brownsville have been scarce to come by. The Kalapuyans in the north were settled earlier and seemed to have more…


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Santiam Forks Band of Molalla

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , October 17th, 2021


The Santiam Forks Band of Molalla is not as well known as the Northern Molalla. We have had a few stories and while there is some information in…


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Burning over the Columbia Bayou

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , September 27th, 2021


The area of the south bank of the Columbia between the Sandy and Willamette Rivers is of particular interest to the tribes who once lived there. Historically, there…


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Records of the Cascades Watlala Removal to Grand Ronde

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , September 26th, 2021


Joel Palmer’s letters during his superintendency lend themselves to a timeline for the removal of most tribes. Palmer penned orders and received reports from his Indian agents, sub…


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Palmer’s Ledger of Vouchers for the Willamette Valley Treaty

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , August 30th, 2021


In Record Group 75 (Bureau of Indian Affairs) microfilm are many millions of records of the tribes as they were being managed by federal Indian agents. The M234…


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A Policy of Forfeiture of Rights and Annuities under the Peace Treaty of 1853

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , August 16th, 2021


In numerous essays on this blog I have noted that many of the tribes considered the most violent, and those who had participated in the wars in southwestern…


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Forced to Pay for the Rogue River 1853 War

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , August 15th, 2021


One of the most egregious of acts against the Rogue River tribes in southern Oregon was making them pay for the destruction of the property of the American…


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Champinefu Temporary Reservation at Corvallis

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , August 4th, 2021


In March 1855 there was formed a temporary reservation for Champinefu Kalapuyans at Corvallis. This was one of over a dozen such temporary reservations, sometimes called encampments for…


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Grand Ronde Chiefs Statements About Agriculture, 1862

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , July 12th, 2021


An investigation at Grand Ronde and the agent precipitated this meeting of the chiefs. The Indian Agent was asking for them to produce their own food and was…


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The Grand Ronde Reservation Fence

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , July 6th, 2021


In the final 10 months of Joel Palmer’s residency as superintendent of Indian affairs of Oregon, he was under a microscope by citizens of the territory for his…


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Political Cartoonist at Chemawa Indian School, William John Harris

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , July 4th, 2021


William John Harris was born in Juneau Alaska March 29, 1884 to Richard Tighe Harris an Irishman, and Kitty a member of the Tlingit tribe. Richard Tighe Harris…


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