Tag: Grand Ronde ReservationPage 1 of 3

The Upper Umpqua and Yoncalla are Removed to the Umpqua Reservation

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , August 6th, 2022


A subject which has had little clarity in the past is when were the Umpqua and Southern Kalapuya, the Yoncallas, resettled to the Umpqua Reservation at Coles Valley….


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The First Census of the Coast and Grand Ronde Reservations: 1856

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , April 14th, 2022


In 1856, Joel Palmer had some 4000 Natives removed from their homelands to the Coast and Grand Ronde Indian Reservations. Up to at least April of 1856 the…


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Draining Wapato Lake

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , December 24th, 2021


In Oregon, we have the well-known Wapato Lake, near Gaston. The lake originally was the center of seasonal activities of the Tualatin Kalapuyans (Atfalati) who lived near and…


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Records of the Cascades Watlala Removal to Grand Ronde

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , September 26th, 2021


Joel Palmer’s letters during his superintendency lend themselves to a timeline for the removal of most tribes. Palmer penned orders and received reports from his Indian agents, sub…


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A Policy of Forfeiture of Rights and Annuities under the Peace Treaty of 1853

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , August 16th, 2021


In numerous essays on this blog I have noted that many of the tribes considered the most violent, and those who had participated in the wars in southwestern…


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Champinefu Temporary Reservation at Corvallis

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , August 4th, 2021


In March 1855 there was formed a temporary reservation for Champinefu Kalapuyans at Corvallis. This was one of over a dozen such temporary reservations, sometimes called encampments for…


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Grand Ronde Chiefs Statements About Agriculture, 1862

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , July 12th, 2021


An investigation at Grand Ronde and the agent precipitated this meeting of the chiefs. The Indian Agent was asking for them to produce their own food and was…


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Removal of Four Tribes from the Umpqua Reservation 1855-1856

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , June 16th, 2021


Between the time of the formation of the Umpqua Reservation in the Umpqua basin (1854) and the removal of the four tribes to Grand Ronde Reservation, in late…


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Influenza on the Reservation

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , January 15th, 2021


The tribes removed to the Grand Ronde Reservation in 1856 never realized the safety and security of a reservation they were promised in seven treaties. They were forced…


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Planning the Reserve on the Sea Coast

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , October 25th, 2020


The following letters detail one side of the conversation with Joel Palmer, Superintendent of Indian Affairs in Oregon, and John Wool, commander of the Pacific Department. (I don’t…


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Dave Yachkawa becomes Tualatin Chief 1864

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , September 18th, 2020


Information about the inner lives of the tribes in the 1860s is very sparse. A few federal reports exist but not a whole lot of information about the…


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Development of Tribal Cultural Identity at the Grand Ronde Indian Reservation

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , August 30th, 2020


A good number of people have over the years shown some confusion about the identity of the tribal members at the Grand Ronde tribe. Many natives and non-natives…


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The Second Plague: Indian Reservations

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , June 6th, 2020


Much has been written about the impact of pandemics on indigenous populations. Columbus and his exploratory contemporaries brought slavery and conquest to the new worlds, and that conquest…


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An Early Account of Native People Near Falls City

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , April 24th, 2020


Each archive I enter I find new information about the native peoples of that county. Generally, the stories are of early encounters with a few native people, experiences…


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Commissioner Brunot Lectures Tribal Chiefs on Moral Living, 1871

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , April 14th, 2020


In 1871, the BIA had just gotten some direction from President Ulysses S, Grant to go ahead and train the Indians to be civilized so that they may…


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The Umpqua River Indians Prepare for Removal

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , April 6th, 2020


William Martin, the Sub-Indian Agent of the Umpqua and Coos Bay was appointed to the position by Jole Palmer in June 1853. He worked to understand the tribes…


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Soc-te-la Chief of the Luckimute Kalapuya People

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , March 24th, 2020


The following section of a letter to General Joel Palmer details that at least one chief Soc-te-la knew they were to remove and was working to gather his…


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John Collier and Indian Termination Policy

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , March 22nd, 2020


As Commissioner of Indian Affairs, John Collier was a long-term advocate for Indian tribes. In the 1920s, John Collier, a trained sociologist, led efforts in Washington, D.C. to…


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J. Ross Browne Investigation as Reported to the SF Herald, 1857

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , February 17th, 2020


Special Indian Agent J. Ross Browne famously came to the Northwest reservations in 1857 and wrote reports of the conditions of the tribes on the reservations. The following…


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Chelamela and Chemapho of the Long Tom Watershed

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , January 14th, 2020


Chelamela and Chemapho Kalapuyans The Long Tom Watershed was the original homeland to two major tribes of Kalapuyan Indians, the Chelamela and Chemapho tribes. The Chelamela occupied the…


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Blanchet’s Mission at the Walamette Village, 1841

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , December 30th, 2019


The following is report from a Notice, Notice No. 4, part of a series of reports of the Catholic missionary Francois Norbert Blanchet (September 30, 1795 – June…


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Petition to Survey the Reservation and to Live in Peace, September 20, 1869

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , December 18th, 2019


Previous essays have addressed the poor treatment of the tribes on the Grand Ronde Indian Reservation into the late 1860s. In 1869 during his inauguration speech, newly elected…


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Nichaqwali Watlala peoples at Blue Lake

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , December 10th, 2019


The Nichaqwali people, a Cascades/Watlala Chinookan band, lived at the juncture of several cultural groups that lived in the larger region of the lower Columbia and who interacted…


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Ka’hosadi Shasta Peoples of Oregon and California

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , December 1st, 2019


Chief John, Tecumtum, was the leader of the Rogue River Confederacy for over a year in southwestern Oregon. The Confederacy formed when tribal bands on the Table Rock…


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