Tag: Grand RondePage 1 of 3

The First Census of the Coast and Grand Ronde Reservations: 1856

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , April 14th, 2022


In 1856, Joel Palmer had some 4000 Natives removed from their homelands to the Coast and Grand Ronde Indian Reservations. Up to at least April of 1856 the…


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Records of the Cascades Watlala Removal to Grand Ronde

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , September 26th, 2021


Joel Palmer’s letters during his superintendency lend themselves to a timeline for the removal of most tribes. Palmer penned orders and received reports from his Indian agents, sub…


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A Policy of Forfeiture of Rights and Annuities under the Peace Treaty of 1853

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , August 16th, 2021


In numerous essays on this blog I have noted that many of the tribes considered the most violent, and those who had participated in the wars in southwestern…


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Champinefu Temporary Reservation at Corvallis

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , August 4th, 2021


In March 1855 there was formed a temporary reservation for Champinefu Kalapuyans at Corvallis. This was one of over a dozen such temporary reservations, sometimes called encampments for…


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Removal of Four Tribes from the Umpqua Reservation 1855-1856

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , June 16th, 2021


Between the time of the formation of the Umpqua Reservation in the Umpqua basin (1854) and the removal of the four tribes to Grand Ronde Reservation, in late…


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Influenza on the Reservation

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , January 15th, 2021


The tribes removed to the Grand Ronde Reservation in 1856 never realized the safety and security of a reservation they were promised in seven treaties. They were forced…


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Planning the Reserve on the Sea Coast

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , October 25th, 2020


The following letters detail one side of the conversation with Joel Palmer, Superintendent of Indian Affairs in Oregon, and John Wool, commander of the Pacific Department. (I don’t…


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Development of Tribal Cultural Identity at the Grand Ronde Indian Reservation

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , August 30th, 2020


A good number of people have over the years shown some confusion about the identity of the tribal members at the Grand Ronde tribe. Many natives and non-natives…


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The Second Plague: Indian Reservations

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , June 6th, 2020


Much has been written about the impact of pandemics on indigenous populations. Columbus and his exploratory contemporaries brought slavery and conquest to the new worlds, and that conquest…


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Commissioner Brunot Lectures Tribal Chiefs on Moral Living, 1871

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , April 14th, 2020


In 1871, the BIA had just gotten some direction from President Ulysses S, Grant to go ahead and train the Indians to be civilized so that they may…


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Slavery at Canyonville, 1853

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , April 8th, 2020


The subject of slavery in Oregon goes back to the first wave of settlers who came to the territory in 1844 and after. These first settlers combined with…


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Soc-te-la Chief of the Luckimute Kalapuya People

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , March 24th, 2020


The following section of a letter to General Joel Palmer details that at least one chief Soc-te-la knew they were to remove and was working to gather his…


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John Collier and Indian Termination Policy

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , March 22nd, 2020


As Commissioner of Indian Affairs, John Collier was a long-term advocate for Indian tribes. In the 1920s, John Collier, a trained sociologist, led efforts in Washington, D.C. to…


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J. Ross Browne Investigation as Reported to the SF Herald, 1857

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , February 17th, 2020


Special Indian Agent J. Ross Browne famously came to the Northwest reservations in 1857 and wrote reports of the conditions of the tribes on the reservations. The following…


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General Howard Visits Grand Ronde, 1876

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , January 18th, 2020


In 1874, General Oliver Otis Howard, who had served in the Civil War was the Commander of the Department Columbia took command of any Indian conflicts in the…


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Oregon Catholic Indian Education History

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , January 17th, 2020


The Catholic Indian education program was initially supported by a policy decision by the U.S. Department of War in 1819. Then the USDOW was in charge of Indian…


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Petition to Survey the Reservation and to Live in Peace, September 20, 1869

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , December 18th, 2019


Previous essays have addressed the poor treatment of the tribes on the Grand Ronde Indian Reservation into the late 1860s. In 1869 during his inauguration speech, newly elected…


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Ka’hosadi Shasta Peoples of Oregon and California

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , December 1st, 2019


Chief John, Tecumtum, was the leader of the Rogue River Confederacy for over a year in southwestern Oregon. The Confederacy formed when tribal bands on the Table Rock…


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Two Schools at Grand Ronde Indian Reservation, 1863

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , September 10th, 2019


There are a few reports that open the windows wide to a vision of the reservation, its changes, its struggles, and its peoples. In the 1863 Grand Ronde…


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The Trials of Tom Gilbert, Convicted of Murdering Wapato Dave and Wife.

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , August 27th, 2019


On about December 8th 1882, Tom Gilbert, a native man enrolled in the Grand Ronde tribe allegedly murdered Wapato Dave and his wife on their allotment on the…


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Agent McClane struggles with Native Culture, Grand Ronde 1886

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , August 25th, 2019


  Into the last decades of the 19th century the Indian agents at Grand Ronde struggled with many aspects of assimilating the tribes to American culture. In fact,…


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Selquia’s Charges Against Indian Agent McClane At Grand Ronde

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , August 24th, 2019


  Some letters from the Natives at Grand Ronde are remarkable in the details they reveal of how the people are being treated by the Indian Agents. Shilequa’s…


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Enforced Assimilation in Tribal Correspondence about the Grand Ronde Boarding School

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , August 24th, 2019


The natives at the Grand Ronde Indian Reservation underwent extreme hardships. Most of the early years they starved from lack of good effective administration by the federal employees…


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John Wacheno on Fishing Rights and Land Inheritance, 1931

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , July 14th, 2019


In 1931, John Wacheno of Grand Ronde tesified before a subcommittee from the Committee of Indian Affairs at Chemawa Indian School in Salem, Oregon. The subcommittee is investigating…


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