Tag: IndiansPage 1 of 2

Development of Tribal Cultural Identity at the Grand Ronde Indian Reservation

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , August 30th, 2020


A good number of people have over the years shown some confusion about the identity of the tribal members at the Grand Ronde tribe. Many natives and non-natives…


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Revisiting the Schools I Attended

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , June 7th, 2020


As a native person, a member of the Confederated Tribes of Grand Ronde and a descendant of the Santiam, Takelma, and Chinook peoples of western Oregon, I have…


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Nicholas Day Saves the Umpqua Indians

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , June 2nd, 2020


The following story appeared in the Oregonian in 1900. Nicholas Day was an Indian agent who was hired by Joel Palmer to manage the Umpqua Indians. Day took…


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Waukikum Treaty of 1851

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , April 16th, 2020


Treaty between the Waukikum tribe and the United States, negotiated by Anson Dart, Superintendent of Indian Affairs. The treaty negotiations at Tansey Point on the Columbia River were…


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Preparing for Purchase, First Indian Agent in Coos Bay, 1853

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , April 5th, 2020


When Joel Palmer was appointed to Superintendent of Indian Affairs in May 1853 he had a good working knowledge of the tribes but had never visited the southern…


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Major Benjamin Alvord discusses Eastern Oregon Settlement, 1853

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , March 26th, 2020


In 1853, the former Superintendent of Indian Affairs of Oregon Anson Dart had been forced to resign as none of his nineteen treaties with the tribes were ratified….


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Modeste Demers Ethnographic Descriptions of the Tribes, 1839

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , January 2nd, 2020


Modeste Demers was assigned with the Oregon Territory, in 1837, at the same time as Francois Norbert Blanchet and they traveled together overland to their assignment in canoes…


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Blanchet’s Mission to the Cascades, 1841

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , December 30th, 2019


  Blanchet’s mission to the Cascades is perhaps his first visit to this location. His interactions with Tamakoun, also later called Tomaquin, are quite revealing of the tribe…


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Blanchet’s Missions to the Clackamas, 1841-1842

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , December 30th, 2019


The following is a Notice, Notice No. 4, part of a series of reports of the Catholic missionary Francois Norbert Blanchet from 1841 to 1842 about his missionary…


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Nichaqwali Watlala peoples at Blue Lake

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , December 10th, 2019


The Nichaqwali people, a Cascades/Watlala Chinookan band, lived at the juncture of several cultural groups that lived in the larger region of the lower Columbia and who interacted…


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La’tiwi, Northern Molalla, Placenames and Housing notes

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , October 21st, 2019


Phillip Drucker’s field notes from the 1920s and 30s had him questioning many Native people from the region, from Grand Ronde and Siletz. Many of these people were…


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Redskins Etc. as Racial Stereotypes

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , September 3rd, 2019


Native peoples of the America were thought of in early philosophy as being Red Indians, fitting perfectly into a color wheel of peoples of the earth, White people…


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Acknowledgement is Long Past Due for Attempts to Exterminate the Tribes of Oregon

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , March 28th, 2019


Presently, there is an apology bill being considered in the Oregon State Senate for the Modoc Indian War of 1872-1873.  This apology is long past due to the…


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Battle Rock the First Colonization on the Southern Oregon Coast

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , March 16th, 2019


In July 1851, Captain William Tichenor decided to begin his project to colonize and claim the Port Orford area. He envisioned that the establishment of a town at…


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Ongoing Chinook Territorial and Recognition Claims, Pt. 1

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , December 27th, 2018


The Chinook Nation is still seeking recognition in 2018, despite having one of the oldest and longest relationships with the United States of any tribe on the West…


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What did Omission from the Annual Tribal Census Mean to Grand Ronde?

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , December 8th, 2018


In 1907, the Indian agent at Grand Ronde began redacting, or not listing, native peoples at Grand Ronde from the annual tribal census. The agent was treating the…


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Estuaries Saved the Coastal Tribes: Section 2- Removal and Exposure

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , November 2nd, 2018


Removal of the western Oregon tribes to the reservations was a tumultuous affair. Caravans from the Umpqua and Table Rock reservations to place in the dead of winter…


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Estuaries Saved the Coastal Tribes: Joel Palmer’s Plan in 1855

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , August 13th, 2018


I have previously written about how the coastal tribes were relocated to several river estuaries within the Coast Reservation (Siuslaw, Yachats, Alsea, Nashesne, Siletz and Umpqua). There the…


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Did the non-ratification of the Coast Treaty cause Grand Ronde to become permanent?

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , August 2nd, 2018


The Grand Ronde Indian reservation was a sudden change in plans for Joel Palmer in 1855. When the Rogue River war began, and other conflicts with tribes north…


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History in the Vouchers: Joel Palmer’s Expense Journal

David G. Lewis' Ethnohistory Research, LLC , July 25th, 2018


I have spent much time on Palmer’s and other early settler’s and explorer’s letters that I have gained a good understanding of the history of the tribes.  Some…


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Joe Lane’s Report of the Rogue River battle at Evans Creek, 1853

David G. Lewis' Ethnohistory Research, LLC , July 19th, 2018


In 1853, the Oregon Territorial militia commanded by General Joseph Lane was fighting a series of battles in the Rogue River valley, the main battle at Evans Creek….


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Are Tribes Ready for Termination, Again?

David G. Lewis' Ethnohistory Research, LLC , June 2nd, 2018


Are Tribes Ready for Termination, Again? In the past few weeks a number of federal administration officials have made statements which suggest that a concerted effort is underway…


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Ethnography of Oregon Indians 1841: Horatio Hale of the U.S. Exploring Expedition

David G. Lewis' Ethnohistory Research, LLC , May 25th, 2018


Horatio Hale’s created what may be one of the earliest ethnographies of the tribes of the Pacific Coast. Remarkable as it is, Hale’s ethnography is both interesting and…


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James Swan; Fishing Culture of Coastal Washington Tribes

David G. Lewis' Ethnohistory Research, LLC , May 14th, 2018


James G. Swan is a legendary scholar of Native people of the Northwest coast. He is an early federal employee in the Oregon territory and lives in the…


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