Tag: KalapuyaPage 2 of 3

The 1855 Umpqua Reservation Census

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , December 14th, 2018


Some recent census research revealed a census I had not yet analyzed. Luckily, a brief search of my records found that I had previously collected the census, enabling…


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When the Southern Molallas Moved to the Umpqua Reservation

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , December 14th, 2018


In 1853, Joel Palmer Indian Superintendent for Oregon established the Umpqua Reservation in the inland Umpqua Valley. The  September 19, 1853 Treaty with the Cow Creek Band of…


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Surviving Indigenous Landscapes in the Willamette Valley: the Mid-Valley Buttes

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , December 2nd, 2018


In my short life, I have spent some 30 years traveling the Willamette Valley from north to south and east to west, and not really giving the buttes…


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Traditional Sharing of the Cascades Range by Tribes

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , November 13th, 2018


The assignment by anthropologists, historians, and linguists of the whole of the Oregon Cascades to the Molalla peoples since 1846 (Hale 1846) needs to be critically rethought. I…


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Tribal Environmental Health Summit 2018: presentation and video link

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , August 24th, 2018


  I participated in the last tribal Environmental Health Summit at OSU. Tuesday, June 26, 2018 11:40-1:00 pmLunch plenary (starting at 12pm) Lunch and Regional PlenarySpeaker: David Lewis, Ethnoh…


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Chelamela and Chemapho Kalapuyans

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , August 20th, 2018


The Long Tom River and its tributaries was the original homelands to two major tribes of Kalapuyan Indians, the Chelamela and Chemapho tribes. The Chelamela occupied the upper…


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Stories of Change Among the Clackamas at Grand Ronde

David G. Lewis' Ethnohistory Research, LLC , June 28th, 2018


The Clackamas Come to Grand Ronde Reservation Preparing to Leave The Clackamas are addressed in letters as living in small encampments near Oregon City. They likely had a…


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Lt. William A. Slacum, United States Spy in the Oregon Territory, & Chief Slacum of the Clowewalla

David G. Lewis' Ethnohistory Research, LLC , June 19th, 2018


Lt. William A. Slacum, a Navy purser, was sent by the President, through the Department of State, as a special investigator to the Oregon Territory to investigate the…


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Drucker’s Records of Clackamas Villages

David G. Lewis' Ethnohistory Research, LLC , June 7th, 2018


The Clackamas (Tlakamas) lived along the Clackamas river and along the lower Willamette. Their villages and associated territorial claims extended from Willamette Falls to the Willamette Slough. Schol…


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Native Kinships and Wealth among the Middle Chinookans

David G. Lewis' Ethnohistory Research, LLC , May 31st, 2018


Native kinships are incredibly complex. They do not follow the nice neat patterns of kinship that Americans have adopted from their European ancestors. Native peoples did not only…


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Bison of the Western Rockies

David G. Lewis' Ethnohistory Research, LLC , May 26th, 2018


  For years, I have stated that the tribes did not have bison in Oregon, so they would not have made tipis. This is why the tribes have…


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Ethnography of Oregon Indians 1841: Horatio Hale of the U.S. Exploring Expedition

David G. Lewis' Ethnohistory Research, LLC , May 25th, 2018


Horatio Hale’s created what may be one of the earliest ethnographies of the tribes of the Pacific Coast. Remarkable as it is, Hale’s ethnography is both interesting and…


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A Stable Kalapuyan Anthropogenic-Environmental Model?

David G. Lewis' Ethnohistory Research, LLC , May 6th, 2018


It is noted that humans have had an extreme effect on the environment everywhere they have lived. These changes became much more radical some 12,000 years ago when…


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Lost Horses & Rights of Native Peoples in Salem, Oregon 1875

David G. Lewis' Ethnohistory Research, LLC , March 23rd, 2018


In 1875 a good number of letters were sent around to Indian agents about Indians who had “illegally” left the reservations and who were living Continue reading


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War on the Umpqua Tribes and Removal to the Umpqua Reserves

David G. Lewis' Ethnohistory Research, LLC , February 11th, 2018


Much has been written and published of the Rogue River, Modoc, and Yakima Wars in the Oregon Territory. These wars were, by-and-large, reactions of the Continue reading


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They Were of Good Character and Industrious, Kalapuya and Umpqua Off-Reservation Allotments

David G. Lewis' Ethnohistory Research, LLC , February 2nd, 2018


Indian Off-Reservation Allotments Members of the Halo Family of Yoncalla Indians, were allotted with off-reservation Indian Allotments in 1892. Most…


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Henry B. Nichols recalls the Calapooians, 1903

David G. Lewis' Ethnohistory Research, LLC , January 22nd, 2018


Henry Brainard Nichols, was a school teacher and state legislator from Benton County, in Oregon. He was born 1821 in Lyme, Connecticut, and attended Wesleyan University at Middletown….


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Treaty with the Umpqua and Kalapuya, Negotiated November 29, 1854, Ratified March 3, 1855

David G. Lewis' Ethnohistory Research, LLC , January 17th, 2018


On November 29th 1854, the tribes of the upper Umpqua River (Umpqua) and Yoncalla Kalapuyans signed a treaty with the United States for their lands.  This was the…


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Treaty with the Umpqua – Cow Creek Band, Negotiated September 19, 1853, Ratified April 12, 1854

David G. Lewis' Ethnohistory Research, LLC , January 16th, 2018


  The Treaty with the Cow Creek Band of Umpqua is the first treaty in Oregon to be negotiated and ratified. The treaty establishes the Umpqua Reservation for…


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The Willamette Valley Treaty (Treaty with the Kalapuya, Etc.) Signed January 22 & Ratified March 3, 1855

David G. Lewis' Ethnohistory Research, LLC , January 16th, 2018


The Willamette Valley Treaty was designed to remove the tribes from western Oregon, from lands desired by American settlers. When the treaty was finally signed, on January 22th,…


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Stingy American Settlers of the Willamette Valley

David G. Lewis' Ethnohistory Research, LLC , January 12th, 2018


  The Kalapuyan tribes of the Willamette Valley have lived here for more than 10,000 years, some 50,000 generations of people. The whole of the valley was owned…


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Dart’s Instructions of Colonization and Assimilation in 1850

David G. Lewis' Ethnohistory Research, LLC , January 2nd, 2018


In 1850, the United States passed The Oregon Donation Land-claim Act. This act gave American men 640 acres, one square mile of free land in Oregon, allowed other…


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Rejection of the Nineteen 1851 Oregon Treaties

David G. Lewis' Ethnohistory Research, LLC , December 31st, 2017


Anson Dart, the Superintendent of Indian Affairs for Oregon, from 1850 to 1852, remains an enigma. His nineteen treaties with the tribes of western Oregon, negotiated by the…


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The Original 1855 Belden Map, Compared to the Redrafted Version

David G. Lewis' Ethnohistory Research, LLC , December 17th, 2017


In 1855, the United States was on a campaign to purchase all of the land from the Oregon Tribes and remove them to reservations. Joel Palmer, Superintendent of…


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