Tag: Oregon CoastPage 1 of 2

The First Census of the Coast and Grand Ronde Reservations: 1856

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , April 14th, 2022


In 1856, Joel Palmer had some 4000 Natives removed from their homelands to the Coast and Grand Ronde Indian Reservations. Up to at least April of 1856 the…


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Persistence of Genocide Upon the Chetco People

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , January 6th, 2022


The Chetco Indians, perhaps more than nearly any other tribe on the Oregon coast, were repeatedly attacked by racist white settlers before their removal. In a previous set…


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Nestucca Accounts of the Great Fire of 1845 and First Encounters with White Men

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , November 11th, 2021


There are numerous oral histories from tribal people in Oregon about catastrophic events, fires, volcanic eruptions, floods, tsunamis. Many of these stories are fantastically imagined and are likely…


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A Policy of Forfeiture of Rights and Annuities under the Peace Treaty of 1853

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , August 16th, 2021


In numerous essays on this blog I have noted that many of the tribes considered the most violent, and those who had participated in the wars in southwestern…


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Preparing for Purchase, First Indian Agent in Coos Bay, 1853

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , April 5th, 2020


When Joel Palmer was appointed to Superintendent of Indian Affairs in May 1853 he had a good working knowledge of the tribes but had never visited the southern…


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Causes of the 1853 Rogue River War

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , March 30th, 2020


The first Rogue River War was a series of skirmishes and battles between mainly gold miners and the tribes. The miners had no regard for the tribes and…


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Petition to Survey the Reservation and to Live in Peace, September 20, 1869

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , December 18th, 2019


Previous essays have addressed the poor treatment of the tribes on the Grand Ronde Indian Reservation into the late 1860s. In 1869 during his inauguration speech, newly elected…


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Joel Palmer Returning Indians and Feeding Natives, Siletz 1871

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , June 18th, 2019


Joel Palmer was the Indian Agent at the Siletz Agency in 1871 and had responsibilities, as emphasized in his 1871 journal, over continuing to removing Indians from the…


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Joel Palmer’s Defiant Cattle Drive Through Grand Ronde, 1874

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , June 17th, 2019


In 1874, Joel Palmer was again an independent contractor for the Indian service, after having completed a two-year stint as the Indian Agent for the Siletz Agency. Palmer…


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Nachicolcho or Siletz: a Place on the Oregon Coast

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , April 11th, 2019


The Siletz placename is something of a mystery. Leo J. Frachtenberg, the ethnologist assigned to collect native languages on the Grand Ronde and Siletz reservations in about 1913, …


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Battle Rock the First Colonization on the Southern Oregon Coast

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , March 16th, 2019


In July 1851, Captain William Tichenor decided to begin his project to colonize and claim the Port Orford area. He envisioned that the establishment of a town at…


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Timeline of Treaties and Removals in Western Oregon

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , February 24th, 2019


1850 June, the First treaty in the North West Coast and West Coast, a Treaty of Peace negotiated with General Joseph Lane and the Takelma- Rogue River Tribes…


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Estuaries Saved the Coastal Tribes: Section 2- Removal and Exposure

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , November 2nd, 2018


Removal of the western Oregon tribes to the reservations was a tumultuous affair. Caravans from the Umpqua and Table Rock reservations to place in the dead of winter…


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We are Treated like Slaves and are Starving: Siletz Chiefs send their Remarks to the President 1862

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , August 29th, 2018


  In the 1860’s the western Oregon reservations were still struggling with feeding all the Indians despite promises by Indian agents, and the treaties, that when they removed,…


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Meacham’s Final Appeal to Fairly Pay the Tribes Removed to the Coast Reservation.

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , August 19th, 2018


Albert B. Meacham was an Indian agent in the 1860’s and 70’s and oversaw some changes in the reservations. He attempted to give the tribes some voice in…


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Estuaries Saved the Coastal Tribes: Joel Palmer’s Plan in 1855

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , August 13th, 2018


I have previously written about how the coastal tribes were relocated to several river estuaries within the Coast Reservation (Siuslaw, Yachats, Alsea, Nashesne, Siletz and Umpqua). There the…


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Did the non-ratification of the Coast Treaty cause Grand Ronde to become permanent?

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , August 2nd, 2018


The Grand Ronde Indian reservation was a sudden change in plans for Joel Palmer in 1855. When the Rogue River war began, and other conflicts with tribes north…


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Lt. William A. Slacum, United States Spy in the Oregon Territory, & Chief Slacum of the Clowewalla

David G. Lewis' Ethnohistory Research, LLC , June 19th, 2018


Lt. William A. Slacum, a Navy purser, was sent by the President, through the Department of State, as a special investigator to the Oregon Territory to investigate the…


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Bison of the Western Rockies

David G. Lewis' Ethnohistory Research, LLC , May 26th, 2018


  For years, I have stated that the tribes did not have bison in Oregon, so they would not have made tipis. This is why the tribes have…


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Ethnography of Oregon Indians 1841: Horatio Hale of the U.S. Exploring Expedition

David G. Lewis' Ethnohistory Research, LLC , May 25th, 2018


Horatio Hale’s created what may be one of the earliest ethnographies of the tribes of the Pacific Coast. Remarkable as it is, Hale’s ethnography is both interesting and…


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Oregon Native Place Names in the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey, Part 2

David G. Lewis' Ethnohistory Research, LLC , May 11th, 2018


The next section map of the coastline, (770c) begins with Cascade Head and ends at the Cape Meares. Every major feature of the Coast has a Native name….


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Oregon Native Place Names in the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey, Part 1

David G. Lewis' Ethnohistory Research, LLC , May 10th, 2018


In the map collections of Oregon Historical Society there is a selection of Coast Survey maps. Most of these maps date from 1874 and there are some later….


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Contributions of William and Almira Raymond to Native Administration in Oregon

David G. Lewis' Ethnohistory Research, LLC , April 20th, 2018


William Raymond was a sub-Indian agent from 1851 until at least 1857. He administered the tribes first at the Astoria sub-agency, then later moved the agency to Tillamook….


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Wagon Roads From Grand Ronde to the Coast

David G. Lewis' Ethnohistory Research, LLC , April 12th, 2018


In the 1860’s, the Indians of the Grand Ronde Indian Reservation needed a route to get to the coast to gather fish. The Indian agents Continue reading


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