Tag: Oregon indiansPage 1 of 7

The Upper Umpqua and Yoncalla are Removed to the Umpqua Reservation

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , August 6th, 2022


A subject which has had little clarity in the past is when were the Umpqua and Southern Kalapuya, the Yoncallas, resettled to the Umpqua Reservation at Coles Valley….


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The First Census of the Coast and Grand Ronde Reservations: 1856

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , April 14th, 2022


In 1856, Joel Palmer had some 4000 Natives removed from their homelands to the Coast and Grand Ronde Indian Reservations. Up to at least April of 1856 the…


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The Southern Exploring Expedition and The Kalapuyans

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , February 28th, 2022


The Charles Wilkes Exploring expedition came to Oregon in August 1841. The expedition split into two parts with some of the expedition venturing up the Columbia, and a…


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Persistence of Genocide Upon the Chetco People

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , January 6th, 2022


The Chetco Indians, perhaps more than nearly any other tribe on the Oregon coast, were repeatedly attacked by racist white settlers before their removal. In a previous set…


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Near Extinction of the Grave Creek Band

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , January 5th, 2022


The experiences of the Grave Creek Indians of southwestern Oregon mirror those of the other tribes in the region. They however hardly survived the 1850s as most of…


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Draining Lake Labish

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , December 19th, 2021


In 1981 I took a job weeding onion fields out Hazelgreen Road on the outskirts of Salem, Oregon, as one of my first jobs. In the summer after…


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Nestucca Accounts of the Great Fire of 1845 and First Encounters with White Men

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , November 11th, 2021


There are numerous oral histories from tribal people in Oregon about catastrophic events, fires, volcanic eruptions, floods, tsunamis. Many of these stories are fantastically imagined and are likely…


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Burning over the Columbia Bayou

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , September 27th, 2021


The area of the south bank of the Columbia between the Sandy and Willamette Rivers is of particular interest to the tribes who once lived there. Historically, there…


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Records of the Cascades Watlala Removal to Grand Ronde

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , September 26th, 2021


Joel Palmer’s letters during his superintendency lend themselves to a timeline for the removal of most tribes. Palmer penned orders and received reports from his Indian agents, sub…


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Palmer’s Ledger of Vouchers for the Willamette Valley Treaty

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , August 30th, 2021


In Record Group 75 (Bureau of Indian Affairs) microfilm are many millions of records of the tribes as they were being managed by federal Indian agents. The M234…


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A Policy of Forfeiture of Rights and Annuities under the Peace Treaty of 1853

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , August 16th, 2021


In numerous essays on this blog I have noted that many of the tribes considered the most violent, and those who had participated in the wars in southwestern…


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Forced to Pay for the Rogue River 1853 War

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , August 15th, 2021


One of the most egregious of acts against the Rogue River tribes in southern Oregon was making them pay for the destruction of the property of the American…


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Champinefu Temporary Reservation at Corvallis

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , August 4th, 2021


In March 1855 there was formed a temporary reservation for Champinefu Kalapuyans at Corvallis. This was one of over a dozen such temporary reservations, sometimes called encampments for…


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Grand Ronde Chiefs Statements About Agriculture, 1862

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , July 12th, 2021


An investigation at Grand Ronde and the agent precipitated this meeting of the chiefs. The Indian Agent was asking for them to produce their own food and was…


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Yamhill Dogs Chase Comegys’ Hogs

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , July 12th, 2021


A letter was delivered in person to Joel Palmer, Indian Superintendent of Oregon, in 1855 of a complaint of Jacob Comegys about his pigs being chased and killed…


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Gradual decline or Catastrophic loss

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , June 16th, 2021


A fellow scholar asked a question about if the decline of the tribes of Oregon could be termed as “gradual,” here is my response. The destruction of the…


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Removal of Four Tribes from the Umpqua Reservation 1855-1856

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , June 16th, 2021


Between the time of the formation of the Umpqua Reservation in the Umpqua basin (1854) and the removal of the four tribes to Grand Ronde Reservation, in late…


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Imagining the American Nation, and Ignoring the Tribes

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , December 11th, 2020


In the early nineteenth century, the United States assumed ownership of all of the Oregon Territory through “right of discovery”, first adjudicated in the United States Supreme Court…


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Curry’s Volunteers

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , October 26th, 2020


This letter from General Wool is remarkable for its transparency in revealing the actions and decisions of Governor Curry of Oregon. General George Law Curry was a two-time…


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Planning the Reserve on the Sea Coast

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , October 25th, 2020


The following letters detail one side of the conversation with Joel Palmer, Superintendent of Indian Affairs in Oregon, and John Wool, commander of the Pacific Department. (I don’t…


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Rector Responds to the Catholic Boarding School Proposal, 1862

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , October 16th, 2020


In 1862 the Catholic Church of the United States made a proposal to open boarding schools to serve all of the Indian reservations primarily served by their own…


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Dave Yachkawa becomes Tualatin Chief 1864

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , September 18th, 2020


Information about the inner lives of the tribes in the 1860s is very sparse. A few federal reports exist but not a whole lot of information about the…


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Native Details of the Battle of Hungry Hill

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , September 2nd, 2020


As noted by Dr. Mark Tveskov in his 2017 article “A “Most Disastrous” Affair: The Battle of Hungry Hill, Historical Memory, and the Rogue River War” (OHQ Vol….


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Development of Tribal Cultural Identity at the Grand Ronde Indian Reservation

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , August 30th, 2020


A good number of people have over the years shown some confusion about the identity of the tribal members at the Grand Ronde tribe. Many natives and non-natives…


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