Tag: palmer

Planning the Reserve on the Sea Coast

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , October 25th, 2020


The following letters detail one side of the conversation with Joel Palmer, Superintendent of Indian Affairs in Oregon, and John Wool, commander of the Pacific Department. (I don’t…


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Coles Valley settlers want the Resources on the Umpqua Reservation, 1854

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , April 6th, 2020


The following two letters are an example of how the settlers could not live with the tribal people having any resources. The settlers in 1854 had won, and…


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The Umpqua River Indians Prepare for Removal

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , April 6th, 2020


William Martin, the Sub-Indian Agent of the Umpqua and Coos Bay was appointed to the position by Jole Palmer in June 1853. He worked to understand the tribes…


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Preparing for Purchase, First Indian Agent in Coos Bay, 1853

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , April 5th, 2020


When Joel Palmer was appointed to Superintendent of Indian Affairs in May 1853 he had a good working knowledge of the tribes but had never visited the southern…


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Baleful Gifts of Civilization: Smallpox Epidemic 1853

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , March 26th, 2020


  It is well recording in numerous sources that diseases from Europe came with the exploring Whitemen and infected millions of the indigenous peoples of the World with…


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Joel Palmer Returning Indians and Feeding Natives, Siletz 1871

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , June 18th, 2019


Joel Palmer was the Indian Agent at the Siletz Agency in 1871 and had responsibilities, as emphasized in his 1871 journal, over continuing to removing Indians from the…


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Joel Palmer’s Defiant Cattle Drive Through Grand Ronde, 1874

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , June 17th, 2019


In 1874, Joel Palmer was again an independent contractor for the Indian service, after having completed a two-year stint as the Indian Agent for the Siletz Agency. Palmer…


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Estuaries Saved the Coastal Tribes: Joel Palmer’s Plan in 1855

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , August 13th, 2018


I have previously written about how the coastal tribes were relocated to several river estuaries within the Coast Reservation (Siuslaw, Yachats, Alsea, Nashesne, Siletz and Umpqua). There the…


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History in the Vouchers: Joel Palmer’s Expense Journal

David G. Lewis' Ethnohistory Research, LLC , July 25th, 2018


I have spent much time on Palmer’s and other early settler’s and explorer’s letters that I have gained a good understanding of the history of the tribes.  Some…


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Stories of Change Among the Clackamas at Grand Ronde

David G. Lewis' Ethnohistory Research, LLC , June 28th, 2018


The Clackamas Come to Grand Ronde Reservation Preparing to Leave The Clackamas are addressed in letters as living in small encampments near Oregon City. They likely had a…


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Contributions of William and Almira Raymond to Native Administration in Oregon

David G. Lewis' Ethnohistory Research, LLC , April 20th, 2018


William Raymond was a sub-Indian agent from 1851 until at least 1857. He administered the tribes first at the Astoria sub-agency, then later moved the agency to Tillamook….


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Differential Immigration and Citizenship in the 19th Century in Oregon

David G. Lewis' Ethnohistory Research, LLC , January 29th, 2018


The immigration debate that is being discussed nationally, has cause me to think about what immigration was like in the…


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Treaty of Peace with the Rogue River Tribes, September 8, 1853

David G. Lewis' Ethnohistory Research, LLC , January 22nd, 2018


Previous to the seven ratified treaties with the tribes of western Oregon there were two treaties of peace with the Rogue River tribe. The treaty of 1850, is…


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Anson Dart and the Willamette Treaty Commission

David G. Lewis' Ethnohistory Research, LLC , January 4th, 2018


Many scholars of Oregon tribal history have assumed, as have I, that Anson Dart, the Superintendent of Indian Affairs for Oregon from 1850 to 1852 was responsible for…


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