Tag: Rogue Valley

Near Extinction of the Grave Creek Band

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , January 5th, 2022


The experiences of the Grave Creek Indians of southwestern Oregon mirror those of the other tribes in the region. They however hardly survived the 1850s as most of…


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Forced to Pay for the Rogue River 1853 War

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , August 15th, 2021


One of the most egregious of acts against the Rogue River tribes in southern Oregon was making them pay for the destruction of the property of the American…


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Removal of Four Tribes from the Umpqua Reservation 1855-1856

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , June 16th, 2021


Between the time of the formation of the Umpqua Reservation in the Umpqua basin (1854) and the removal of the four tribes to Grand Ronde Reservation, in late…


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The Second Plague: Indian Reservations

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , June 6th, 2020


Much has been written about the impact of pandemics on indigenous populations. Columbus and his exploratory contemporaries brought slavery and conquest to the new worlds, and that conquest…


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Causes of the 1853 Rogue River War

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , March 30th, 2020


The first Rogue River War was a series of skirmishes and battles between mainly gold miners and the tribes. The miners had no regard for the tribes and…


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Major Benjamin Alvord discusses Eastern Oregon Settlement, 1853

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , March 26th, 2020


In 1853, the former Superintendent of Indian Affairs of Oregon Anson Dart had been forced to resign as none of his nineteen treaties with the tribes were ratified….


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J. Ross Browne Investigation as Reported to the SF Herald, 1857

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , February 17th, 2020


Special Indian Agent J. Ross Browne famously came to the Northwest reservations in 1857 and wrote reports of the conditions of the tribes on the reservations. The following…


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Acknowledgement is Long Past Due for Attempts to Exterminate the Tribes of Oregon

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , March 28th, 2019


Presently, there is an apology bill being considered in the Oregon State Senate for the Modoc Indian War of 1872-1873.  This apology is long past due to the…


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Battle Rock the First Colonization on the Southern Oregon Coast

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , March 16th, 2019


In July 1851, Captain William Tichenor decided to begin his project to colonize and claim the Port Orford area. He envisioned that the establishment of a town at…


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History in the Vouchers: Joel Palmer’s Expense Journal

David G. Lewis' Ethnohistory Research, LLC , July 25th, 2018


I have spent much time on Palmer’s and other early settler’s and explorer’s letters that I have gained a good understanding of the history of the tribes.  Some…


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Joe Lane 1849 : Report of the Tribes and Bands of the Oregon Territory

David G. Lewis' Ethnohistory Research, LLC , July 23rd, 2018


General Joe Lane was an early politician and war hero for Oregon. He served as the Indian Superintendent for Oregon as well as Governor of the territory in…


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Joe Lane’s Report of the Rogue River battle at Evans Creek, 1853

David G. Lewis' Ethnohistory Research, LLC , July 19th, 2018


In 1853, the Oregon Territorial militia commanded by General Joseph Lane was fighting a series of battles in the Rogue River valley, the main battle at Evans Creek….


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Indian Catchers of Coastal Oregon 1850s

David G. Lewis' Ethnohistory Research, LLC , March 6th, 2018


A truly remarkable fact of Oregon history presented itself whole conducting some coastal research. In 1856 and for years after, the Indian agents employed and Continue reading


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Medicinal Plants of the Rogue Rivers at Grand Ronde, 1858

David G. Lewis' Ethnohistory Research, LLC , March 2nd, 2018


When the tribes got to the reservation in 1856, the federal Indian agents were then 100% responsible for feeding them and caring for their health Continue reading


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A Hot Bed of Disease and Death, Anson G. Henry Physician at Grand Ronde

David G. Lewis' Ethnohistory Research, LLC , February 23rd, 2018


In 1857, Doctor Anson G. Henry wrote a report on the health conditions at Grand Ronde. A few days before he had written another report,  Continue reading


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The Gateway on the Central Oregon Coast, Fort Umpqua and the Umpqua Sub Indian Agency

David G. Lewis' Ethnohistory Research, LLC , February 14th, 2018


  The southern and central Coast of Oregon is a relatively unknown area in Native American history. As the area is not well researched it Continue reading


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War on the Umpqua Tribes and Removal to the Umpqua Reserves

David G. Lewis' Ethnohistory Research, LLC , February 11th, 2018


Much has been written and published of the Rogue River, Modoc, and Yakima Wars in the Oregon Territory. These wars were, by-and-large, reactions of the Continue reading


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Treaty of Peace with the Rogue River Tribes, September 8, 1853

David G. Lewis' Ethnohistory Research, LLC , January 22nd, 2018


Previous to the seven ratified treaties with the tribes of western Oregon there were two treaties of peace with the Rogue River tribe. The treaty of 1850, is…


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Rogue River Treaty of 1854, Negotiated November 15, 1854, Ratified March 3, 1855

David G. Lewis' Ethnohistory Research, LLC , January 17th, 2018


The second Rogue River Treaty, that of 1854, was a treaty if peace, and ratifying the joint occupancy of the Table Rock Reservation by many tribes subject to…


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Treaty with the Chasta, Negotiated November 18, 1854, Ratified March 3, 1855

David G. Lewis' Ethnohistory Research, LLC , January 17th, 2018


The Treaty with the Chasta was signed on November 18, 1854, ceding a good portion of the Illinois and Rogue River areas, west of the Rogue Valley, to…


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Rogue River Treaty of 1853, Negotiated September 10, 1853, Ratified April 12, 1854

David G. Lewis' Ethnohistory Research, LLC , January 17th, 2018


The Rogue River Treaty of 1853 was negotiated at the base of the Lower Table Rock, between the base and the river. Accounts of the treaty signing suggest…


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Treaty with the Molala, Negotiated December 21, 1855, Ratified March 8, 1859

David G. Lewis' Ethnohistory Research, LLC , January 17th, 2018


The Treaty with the Molala is the last treaty negotiated for western Oregon. Joel Palmer heard late in 1855, in fact in October, that there was a tribe…


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Rejection of the Nineteen 1851 Oregon Treaties

David G. Lewis' Ethnohistory Research, LLC , December 31st, 2017


Anson Dart, the Superintendent of Indian Affairs for Oregon, from 1850 to 1852, remains an enigma. His nineteen treaties with the tribes of western Oregon, negotiated by the…


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The Original 1855 Belden Map, Compared to the Redrafted Version

David G. Lewis' Ethnohistory Research, LLC , December 17th, 2017


In 1855, the United States was on a campaign to purchase all of the land from the Oregon Tribes and remove them to reservations. Joel Palmer, Superintendent of…


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