Tag: treatiesPage 1 of 3

The Upper Umpqua and Yoncalla are Removed to the Umpqua Reservation

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , August 6th, 2022


A subject which has had little clarity in the past is when were the Umpqua and Southern Kalapuya, the Yoncallas, resettled to the Umpqua Reservation at Coles Valley….


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Near Extinction of the Grave Creek Band

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , January 5th, 2022


The experiences of the Grave Creek Indians of southwestern Oregon mirror those of the other tribes in the region. They however hardly survived the 1850s as most of…


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Santiam Forks Band of Molalla

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , October 17th, 2021


The Santiam Forks Band of Molalla is not as well known as the Northern Molalla. We have had a few stories and while there is some information in…


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Palmer’s Ledger of Vouchers for the Willamette Valley Treaty

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , August 30th, 2021


In Record Group 75 (Bureau of Indian Affairs) microfilm are many millions of records of the tribes as they were being managed by federal Indian agents. The M234…


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A Policy of Forfeiture of Rights and Annuities under the Peace Treaty of 1853

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , August 16th, 2021


In numerous essays on this blog I have noted that many of the tribes considered the most violent, and those who had participated in the wars in southwestern…


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Forced to Pay for the Rogue River 1853 War

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , August 15th, 2021


One of the most egregious of acts against the Rogue River tribes in southern Oregon was making them pay for the destruction of the property of the American…


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Development of Tribal Cultural Identity at the Grand Ronde Indian Reservation

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , August 30th, 2020


A good number of people have over the years shown some confusion about the identity of the tribal members at the Grand Ronde tribe. Many natives and non-natives…


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Waukikum Treaty of 1851

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , April 16th, 2020


Treaty between the Waukikum tribe and the United States, negotiated by Anson Dart, Superintendent of Indian Affairs. The treaty negotiations at Tansey Point on the Columbia River were…


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Commissioner Brunot Lectures Tribal Chiefs on Moral Living, 1871

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , April 14th, 2020


In 1871, the BIA had just gotten some direction from President Ulysses S, Grant to go ahead and train the Indians to be civilized so that they may…


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Dart Introduces the Clackamas Treaty to the US Senate

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , April 6th, 2020


Anson Dart departed from Oregon in late 1851 after completing the negotiation of 19 treaties in Oregon with tribes. Dart had replaced the Willamette Treaty Commission in June…


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Preparing for Purchase, First Indian Agent in Coos Bay, 1853

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , April 5th, 2020


When Joel Palmer was appointed to Superintendent of Indian Affairs in May 1853 he had a good working knowledge of the tribes but had never visited the southern…


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Causes of the 1853 Rogue River War

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , March 30th, 2020


The first Rogue River War was a series of skirmishes and battles between mainly gold miners and the tribes. The miners had no regard for the tribes and…


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Major Benjamin Alvord discusses Eastern Oregon Settlement, 1853

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , March 26th, 2020


In 1853, the former Superintendent of Indian Affairs of Oregon Anson Dart had been forced to resign as none of his nineteen treaties with the tribes were ratified….


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John Collier and Indian Termination Policy

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , March 22nd, 2020


As Commissioner of Indian Affairs, John Collier was a long-term advocate for Indian tribes. In the 1920s, John Collier, a trained sociologist, led efforts in Washington, D.C. to…


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J. Ross Browne Investigation as Reported to the SF Herald, 1857

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , February 17th, 2020


Special Indian Agent J. Ross Browne famously came to the Northwest reservations in 1857 and wrote reports of the conditions of the tribes on the reservations. The following…


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Blanchet’s Mission to the Cascades, 1841

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , December 30th, 2019


  Blanchet’s mission to the Cascades is perhaps his first visit to this location. His interactions with Tamakoun, also later called Tomaquin, are quite revealing of the tribe…


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Petition to Survey the Reservation and to Live in Peace, September 20, 1869

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , December 18th, 2019


Previous essays have addressed the poor treatment of the tribes on the Grand Ronde Indian Reservation into the late 1860s. In 1869 during his inauguration speech, newly elected…


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All Payments at One Time, the foresight of Chief Crooked Finger

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , November 17th, 2019


Tribal treaties are said to never have been honored by the United States. Native communities from around the continent will state this, and it is a common enough…


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Battle Rock the First Colonization on the Southern Oregon Coast

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , March 16th, 2019


In July 1851, Captain William Tichenor decided to begin his project to colonize and claim the Port Orford area. He envisioned that the establishment of a town at…


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Timeline of Treaties and Removals in Western Oregon

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , February 24th, 2019


1850 June, the First treaty in the North West Coast and West Coast, a Treaty of Peace negotiated with General Joseph Lane and the Takelma- Rogue River Tribes…


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Fishery Politics with the Yakima Reservation Peoples: 1890s

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , January 7th, 2019


Chilluckittequw: In what was to become Skamania County, the first residents called themselves Chilluckittequw (Ruby and Brown) and they lived along the rivers that drained into the Columbia…


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Lower Chinookan Treaty Territories in 1851

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , December 30th, 2018


  The Columbia River has been divided into different culture areas by anthropologists since the 19th century. They are Upper, middle and lower Chinook areas, or sometimes written…


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Ongoing Chinook Territorial and Recognition Claims, Pt. 1

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , December 27th, 2018


The Chinook Nation is still seeking recognition in 2018, despite having one of the oldest and longest relationships with the United States of any tribe on the West…


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The Temporary Cow Creek Umpqua Reservation

Ethnohistory Research, LLC | David G. Lewis, PhD , December 16th, 2018


The Cow Creek Umpquas were a Takelman speaking tribe of native peoples related to the Takelma peoples of the Rogue river valley. The Cow Creek peoples resided in…


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